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<Data Story>

States received $189.5 billion in relief for schools. Here's the breakdown.


School closures and online learning during the pandemic have led to many students falling behind in their schoolwork. To help K-12 schools, states received Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) grants totaling $189.5 billion. The states are distributing the funding as part of the Education Stabilization Fund to public, private, and charter schools to address students needs. 

Schools can use the funds for a range of activities, including:

  • Summer school classes
  • Extended school day or school year programs
  • Laptops and other electronic devices, and educational software 
  • Mental health services and support, and
  • Improvements to indoor air quality 

ESSER funding by legislation

  • $13.2 billion, from the CARES Act, March 2020. 
    • States have until September 30, 2022, to spend the money 
  • $54.3 billion, from the Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act, December 2020. 
    • States have until September 30, 2023, to spend the money
  • $122 billion, from the American Rescue Plan, March 2021. 
    • A total of $80 billion was made available to states immediately.  To receive the rest of the funding, each state had to submit a spending plan
    • States have until September 30, 2024, to spend the money
Page last modified: 11/06/2023
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