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Data & Mapping FAQs

Data FAQs

The data on the Funding Overview graphic includes:

  • Updates to Treasury appropriation warrants and indefinite appropriations as of June 10, 2020. Indefinite appropriations are appropriations of unspecified amounts of money. An indefinite appropriation may appropriate all or part of the receipts from certain sources, the specific amount of which is determinable only at some future date, or it may appropriate “such sums as may be necessary” for a given purpose. As the appropriation warrant data changes periodically, the data in the graphic will be updated.
  • Education funding for K-12 schools as part of the State, Local, and Tribal Governments category

There are many reasons why modifications to an award may display negative or zero amounts.

  • Negative Amounts:
    • The agency may reduce or rescind (de-obligate) a portion of the original award amount which is indicated by a negative number. For example, the original contract award was for $2M, but six months into the contract the agency changes the scope of work to less than the original $2M and de-obligates $500,000, resulting in a modification with -$500,000.
    • A contract may be completed but not all the original funding was used, resulting in a negative number when the agency closes out the contract. For example, the original contract award was for $2M but at the end of the contract only $1.5M was used; when the agency closes the contract a -$500,000 will be displayed in the final modification.
  • Zero Amounts
    • Changes made to an award for administrative reasons are reported as $0. For example, a change in the recipient’s address or the project’s description are reported as $0 in the Action Obligation field.
    • When an award has been completed and all the funds expended, the close-out modification is $0.
    • Also, $0 will be reported when awards are subject to the availability of funds, meaning funding will happen later. 
    • Certain contract types will also show $0 when funding happens later through task orders.

Generally, contract documents are not available for public display due to the possible proprietary information contained in the documents. Interested parties can seek contract documents from the awarding agency through a Freedom of Information Act request.

All the modifications/transactions for an award may not be displayed because PandemicOversight.gov only displays awards and award modifications/transactions related to coronavirus funding and  identified with a Disaster Emergency Fund Code. For example, award modification/transaction 03 would be displayed if the funds are coronavirus related, whereas modifications 01 and 02 might not have been funded by coronavirus legislation and, therefore, will only be displayed on USAspending.gov.

All the data that drives the Funding Charts and Graphs can be exported to a .csv. We will be adding other downloads across the site in the future.

A data dictionary that includes all the data elements on PandemicOversight.gov is available on USAspending.gov.

There are several limitations to the data:

  • Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) – The PPP data published in the Funding Charts and Graphs has the following limitations: 
    • For loans of less than $150,000, the Small Business Administration (SBA) did not provide the names or addresses of the borrowers. The small loan amounts (for example, $1, $2, $4) are the amounts reported by lenders to the SBA. At this time, neither SBA nor the PRAC has additional information on these small loans amounts. These may be lender errors. If so, any lender errors should be identified and corrected during the lender’s monthly reconciliation process on SBA loans. Additionally, the SBA should identify and correct any errors at the time a loan forgiveness application is submitted to the SBA to forgive the debt.
    • For loans of more than $150,000, the Small Business Administration did provide the borrowers’ names and addresses, with the loan amounts in ranges: $150,000 to $350,000; $350,000 to $1M; $2M to $5M; and $5M to $10M. This loan range data is reflected on PandemicOversight.gov. 
    •  For both categories, the Small Business Administration provided the jobs retained, however, 6.5% of borrowers did not provide this information.  
  • Economic Impact Payments -- The $1,200 direct payments to individuals from the U.S. Department of the Treasury are advance payments of a new temporary tax credit that eligible taxpayers can claim on their 2020 return. These payments are aggregated when reported to USAspending.gov and can be identified in the download on USAspending.gov by Treasury Account Symbol 020-X-0905 and the US Coronavirus Rebate Program Activity category.
  • Federal Unemployment Compensation Program -- As of June 2020, the U.S. Department of Labor (Labor) was unable to report any records to USAspending.gov showing the geographic distribution of payments from the Employment and Training Administration. The source file for this information has been identified; however, creating the file required additional time. The data on PandemicOversight.gov will be updated once Labor reports.
  • Provider Relief Fund -- The funding for the Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Provider Relief Fund data is attributed to a single entity in Utah that is distributing the direct payments to recipients across the country on behalf of HHS. The full data is posted at HHS and is also linked on PandemicOversight.gov. This file is updated weekly and includes payments for Medicare General Distribution, Medicaid, CHIP, dental, and General Distribution. It also includes allocations to high impact areas, safety net hospitals, rural providers, tribal facilities, clinics and urban health centers and skilled nursing facilities. This dataset represents the list of providers who have attested to receiving one or more payments from the Provider Relief Fund and agreed to the Terms and Conditions. Because not all providers (who in many cases received a payment unsolicited) have yet attested to accepting that payment, the totals listed in the data are less than the totals on PandemicOversight.gov.
  • CARES Act Division A, Title IV – The Department of the Treasury is authorized to make loans, loan guarantees, and other investments as follows: 
    • $454 billion to provide equity investments into emergency lending programs or facilities authorized by the Federal Reserve Board of Governors (the Board) of the Federal Reserve System. The Digital Accountability and Transparency Act (DATA Act) and Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA) reporting requirements do not apply to the Federal Reserve Board. However, the Board is reporting information required under that section concerning these emergency lending programs and facilities on its public website. This information is also linked on PandemicOversight.gov.
    • $46 billion to provide loans to passenger and cargo air carriers and businesses critical to national security. Treasury reports the individual loans on Treasury.gov but does not report such loans at the transaction level pursuant to FFATA to USASpending.gov because they are not financial assistance, therefore, the transactions do not appear on PandemicOversight.gov.  However, Treasury does report obligations to USASpending.gov at the aggregate level as required by the DATA Act and it reports individual loans at Treasury.gov
  • Non-reporting agencies -- There are 14 independent, legislative branch, and judicial branch agencies who received coronavirus funding but who do not report under the DATA Act to USAspending.gov. Therefore, PandemicOversight.gov will not display this funding. The total amount these agencies received was $272,600,000.

The Disaster Emergency Fund Codes (DEFC) are the unique identifiers specific to the coronavirus response that designate the legislation that provided the funding for a particular award.

  • DEFC "L"
    • Designated as emergency
    • Public Law 116-123, Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act
  • DEFC "M"
    • Designated as emergency
    • Public Law 116-127, Families First Coronavirus Response Act
  • DEFC "N"
    • Designated as emergency
    • Public Law 116-136, Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act)
  • DEFC "O"
    • Not designated as emergency
    • Public Law 116-136, Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act)
    • Public Law 116-139, Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act
  • DEFC "P"
    • Designated as emergency
    • Public Law 116-139, Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act

The PandemicOversight.gov posting schedule for data on contract, grant, and loan awards is:

Award Date Posting Date
April, May, and June 2020 Early September, 2020
July and August, 2020 Late September, 2020
After August, 2020 Monthly

If federal agencies submit data corrections to USAspending during the month, the data on PandemicOversight.gov will be updated accordingly. 

NOTE: The Department of Defense reports data on a 90 day delay in order to protect operations.

The authoritative source for the data on PandemicOversight.gov is USAspending.gov. The federal agencies that received funding from the CARES Act and three related pieces of legislation report financial data to USAspending.gov and PandemicOversight.gov imports that data through APIs.

Mapping FAQs

Congressional district "00" indicates states with only one congressional district, such as Montana. These districts are also known as "at-large" districts. Congressional district "98" indicates locations, such as the District of Columbia, that have non-voting delegates, and "99" districts are those with no representatives.

The transparent circles indicate locations with enough post office boxes to warrant their own zip codes. Or, the location might be that of high-value customers, such as Cape Canaveral or the headquarters for a large company, that also have their own zip codes.

The primary place of performance for contract awards is the location where products or goods are manufactured or purchased. For example, Health and Human Services might award a contract for personal protective equipment (PPE) to a company in Nashville, Tennessee. The PPE will eventually be distributed to a hospital in Tucson, Arizona. In this case the primary place of performance is Nashville because that is where the PPE was purchased.  For grants, the primary place of performance is the location where the majority of the work is performed. The Centers for Disease Control might award a grant to a company in Houston, Texas to develop a vaccine; although that vaccine may be distributed to hospitals countrywide, the place of performance is Houston. In addition, an agency that distributes funding to multiple recipients across the country may have a company in one state do the distribution for several states. The place of performance would, therefore, be in the state where the company is located, and not every state where the money is distributed. Indefinite Delivery Vehicle contracts do not have a place of performance and, therefore, are not included on the map.