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Read our report on six communities’ experiences with pandemic funding and programs, which provides valuable lessons learned to improve federal emergency response programs.

<Data Story>

State and local governments spent $150B. Then got $350B more. Follow the money.


The $350 billion Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund (SLFRF) included in the American Rescue Plan provides direct payments to eligible state, local, territory, and Tribal governments for local pandemic response efforts. These payments are in addition to the $150 billion distributed in March 2020 from the CARES Act. 

SLFRF funding may be used to:

  • Support public health spending
  • Aid communities, households, small businesses, and impacted industries
  • Provide extra pay for essential workers
  • Invest in water, sewer, and broadband infrastructure
  • Replace lost public sector revenue

The map on the left displays direct payments to the states from the State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund. Click on a state to see payments by county in that state on the right. 

The left bar chart compares payments from the Coronavirus Relief Fund and the State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund for the top 15 states. The bar chart on the right compares the payments from the two funds by per capita.

Some states and the territories received all their funding in one payment.  Other states and local governments are receiving two payments:  50% beginning in May 2021 and the balance approximately one year later.  Tribal governments also received two payments: one in May 2021 and the other in June 2021. States were required to submit Spending Plans to the U.S. Department of the Treasury and post the plans on their websites so the public can see how the SLFRF funds are being used. 

Recipients are also required to report spending data to the U.S. Department of the Treasury by January 31, 2022.  We have made the data available in our Interactive Dashboards

Visit the U.S. Department of the Treasury to find your State's Recovery Plan detailing its spending of SLFRF money and find more information on the SLFRF. 

For more information on the State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund, visit the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Page last modified: 11/06/2023
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