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Pandemic Response Accountability Committee

COVID-19 Pandemic Impact - Select Case Studies

Federal agencies were allocated more than $5 trillion in pandemic response funding to be disbursed to the public and to state and local governments, where a state or local government could have received pandemic response funds from multiple federal programs to improve the overall pandemic response in their communities. Access to information about the total amount of funds received, the purpose of those funds, and the progress made toward achieving the program goals and objectives is not always centralized and can be difficult for the public to track down or may not even be available to the public. The PRAC will conduct impact case studies at 6 different locations and seek to identify the federal pandemic response funds provided to the 6 locations and the purpose of those funds, and to determine if the federal program spending aligned with the intended goals and objectives.

Pandemic Response Accountability Committee

Acquisition and Grants Workforce Assessment

The CARES Act requires that the PRAC conduct and coordinate oversight of covered funds and the Coronavirus response and support Inspectors General in the oversight of covered funds and the Coronavirus response. The purpose of this review is to assess the resources (staffing, training, IT, oversight, and resources overall) available to the acquisition and grants workforce in their implementation of contracts and grants funded with COVID-19 response funds. The resulting report will meet the requirements outlined in the CARES Act and present an assessment of information obtained during the data call, including any trends, best practices, or challenges.

Pandemic Response Accountability Committee

Best Practices for State Unemployment Insurance Benefits Programs Study

The PRAC will be conducting this project with the assistance of MITRE, a federally funded research and development corporation. This project will research to identify best practices and lessons learned from pandemic response in state unemployment insurance (UI) benefits programs. 

Pandemic Response Accountability Committee

Limited Scope Evaluation of SBA's Fraud Controls

The PRAC will evaluate whether fraud controls that SBA applied in phase III of the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) (and which are purportedly being applied in the SBA's new Restaurant Revitalization Fund program) would have likely detected known fraud that has been identified in PPP criminal cases.

Pandemic Response Accountability Committee

Multi-Dipping of Pandemic Response Funds Provided to Tribal Governments

The PRAC and pandemic OIGs identified the possibility of recipients receiving funding from multiple federal programs for the same purpose (multi-dipping) as a high risk area. This project will focus on funds received by tribal governments, and result in an information brief that identifies programs where multi-dipping has occurred in CARES Act programs allowing us to identify and scope the magnitude of the risk. 

Pandemic Response Accountability Committee

State Spend Rates of Pandemic Response Funds

This project seeks to provide transparency of states and localities spending rates of pandemic response funds. The project will also look at the state spend rate data in connection with public health and economic data to provide a more complete picture of the government’s COVID-19 relief efforts. The resulting information brief will inform Congress, policymakers, and the public about how swiftly states and localities have been able to spend Federal funds and may highlight any challenges faced by these recipients expending funds.

U.S. Agency for International Development OIG

Audit of USAID's Missions Capacity to Monitor During COVID-19

USAID missions are faced with the unprecedented burdens of continuing operations and routine monitoring of activities in the field—despite the constraints posed by the pandemic. The audit objectives are to (1) determine the extent to which USAID missions’ capacity to monitor programs has been impacted by COVID-19 and (2) assess to what extent USAID has taken steps to mitigate the effects of the pandemic on program monitoring.

U.S. Agency for International Development OIG

Audit of Data Quality in Selected in USAID PEPFAR Programs in Africa

This audit will look at the quality of data reported in selected President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) programs to determine if weaknesses exist that may lead to inaccurate results reporting. The objectives of this audit are to assess the extent to which USAID has: (1) designed and implemented internal controls over collecting, verifying, and reporting PEPFAR data; and (2) identified and mitigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on its internal controls over PEPFAR data quality.  

U.S. Agency for International Development OIG

Audit of the Role of Ventilators in USAID’s COVID-19 Response

USAID’s activities to assess need and identify appropriate interventions are key in shaping how it responds to public health emergencies.  The primary role of ventilators has been one of the most controversial aspects of USAID’s COVID-19 response, attracting both media and Congressional scrutiny.  The objectives of this audit are to answer the following questions: (1) What are USAID’s practices for assessing needs and prioritizing interventions during public health emergencies? (2) To what extent, if any, did the practices employed to determine the use and allocation of ventilators during the COVID-19 pandemic differ from these practices?

U.S. Agency for International Development OIG

Oversight of Overseas Contingency Operations

As required by section 8L of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, the Inspectors General for the Department of Defense, Department of State, and USAID work together to report quarterly to Congress on every overseas contingency operation’s progress and corresponding oversight activities.  Starting in the second quarter of fiscal year 2020, these quarterly reports include reporting on the COVID-19 outbreaks in Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, and the Philippines, as well as the U.S. government response to them.